COUNCIL TOOL AXES
The axe is one of the oldest hand tools used by man. Primitive axes were used to cut wood or carve bowls and spears. The modern axe has a variety of uses – from shaping or splitting wood to harvesting timber and felling trees to forcible entry and in emergency situations. In addition to serving as tools, axes can be used for weapons, ceremonial purposes, and status symbols.
In the US, most names associated with axes developed because of geography. Thus, the Michigan or Dayton axe started in a local region and became a popular style. Around 1900 there were over 400 recognized styles or patterns of axes. This was later reduced to less than 30 by the standard chart of axe patterns developed by an early trade association of axe manufacturers.
Jersey Railsplitter® Axes
Sometimes referred to as a “Baltimore Jersey” pattern, this shape features lugs or ears that increase the surface contact area with the handle.
Jersey Classic Axes
The Jersey features a single blade edge and a flat poll. A lug (ear) is present in the Jersey axe.
Michigan Railsplitter® Axes
The Michigan features a double bit and is available with a straight wooden handle or fiberglass handle.
Dayton Railsplitter® Axes
The Dayton Axe has a single cutting bit and a flat poll. A general purpose axe for cutting wood and driving wooden stakes.
Assorted Small Axes
Perfect for your hunting camp and chopping wood for the fire. Even a small axe can split an entire hardwood in the hands of a skilled user.
A traditional style bit axe blade on one end and a mattock blade for digging or grubbing on the other end. Used in a variety of settings including forestry and general landscaping.
Hudson Bay Axes
One-handed camp axe. Used for light splitting, chopping, driving tent pegs, etc. It is one of the oldest axe patterns in America.
Broad Axes are sometimes referred to as Carpenter’s Axes or Ship-Builder’s Axes. They are a mid-sized tool sharpened to a center cut, making them great for chopping or notching.
All Council axe heads are drop forged from high quality tool steel. The forging is then processed in an abrasive robotic work cell where the trim lines are removed, the shape refined and the cutting edges are ground, which yields highly consistent heads. Cutting edges are then heat treated and tempered. ANSI Standards call for bit hardness of Rc 45-60, at least ½ inch back from the cutting edge. Council Tool internal standards call for tempered bit hardness of Rc 48-55 and we target 1-1/4 inches from the cutting edge. The poll and eye walls are not hardened and remain in the as forged condition. The final sharpening of the cutting edge is by hand using fine grit abrasives. Care is taken to not affect the tempered hardness of the bit. Heads are either painted or lacquered to deter rust and all polished surfaces are lacquered or oiled. American hickory handles are dried to below 10% moisture content to minimize shrinkage and help prevent loosening. Handles are affixed to the heads using an extruded aluminum wedge which locks the head in a mechanical bond. Fiberglass handles are constructed of a pultruded structural fiberglass core with an injection molded jacket which forms an exterior body. The resulting jackets are tough, durable engineered polymer. Extremely strong, non-conductive and non-corrosive. Fiberglass handles are affixed to the head using a two part epoxy.
All Council Tool products meet or exceed ANSI specifications.