Hand Drillers | Engineer Hammers | Ball Pein Hammers | Cross Pein Hammers | Back-Out Punches | Sledge Hammers

Ancient history tells us that simple hammers were made of various shaped stones to strike wood, bone, and other stones for useful purposes and as time went on sharp stones were attached to sticks with strips of leather or animal sinew and used much like today’s modern hammers.

Archeological records show that the hammer – like the axe- is one of the oldest tools with evidence of early existence.

There are numerous type of hammers, and each hammer has various parts. These include the face, head (which can include the bell and neck), eye (like other handled tools, where the handle fits in), cheek (side of hammer). In addition, some have peens (also known as peins and/or panes) and straps.

The essential part of the hammer is the head, a compact solid mass able to deliver the blow to its intended target with becoming deformed itself. The opposite working end may have a different shape or it may be symmetrical. Council Tool hammers are heat treated after turning, providing a superior tool head.


Hand drillers are short-handled sledge hammers. They were originally used for drilling rock with a chisel. The name usually refers to a hammer with a 2# or 4# head and a 10″ handle, also called a “single-jack” hammer.


Engineer hammers, also known as blacksmith’s hammers, are designed for heavy striking of wood, metal, concrete and stone. Common uses for these sledge-style hammers include striking spikes, cold chisels, rock drills, and hardened nails.


Ball Pein hammers (sometimes referred to as Mechanics hammers) are made for striking chisels and punches and for riveting, shaping and straightening unhardened metal. To be properly used when striking a struck tool, the striking face of the hammer should have a diameter of at least 3/8″ larger than the struck face of the tool.


The striking face of the cross pein hammer is constructed for general blacksmithing work in striking unhardened metal. The pain shape is used for shaping (fullering) and bending unhardened metal into specific shapes.